Mangrove forests and their functions



Dear all my friends.. Areas near the coast have a fairly high level of flood hazard. The rainy season that has arrived often makes residents worried. Often a sudden disaster comes without notifying in advance. Many parties are negligent in occupying coastal areas so that areas that are often considered as comfortable places and mainstay tourist destinations are often flooded. This flood is not only caused by high rainfall. There is another threat that comes from rising sea levels. If a big wave comes, it could be a danger of tidal flooding from the sea. Various efforts have been made to overcome the problem of flooding in coastal areas. One of them is by making breakwaters and making embankments. However, these efforts are often unsuccessful because they do not pay attention to other things ecologically. Changes in land in coastal areas into residences or other buildings often do not pay attention to the presence of mangroves. Even the mangrove land is often converted into buildings. This has a negative impact on the sustainability of the coastal ecosystem and causes the onslaught of waves to further erode the coast.

Mangrove forests and their functions

For this reason, all stakeholders need to be aware that when developing coastal areas, they must pay attention to ecological aspects.
One thing that must be considered is the need to create a coastal protection area by planting mangroves. This will be useful as a good fence from waves and abrasion.
Besides being physically able to prevent abrasion, mangrove forests have many other functions, ranging from biological and ecological functions, economy, to tourism and education.

Biological and ecological functions

Mangrove forests are producers of weathering materials which are an important food source for small invertebrates that eat weathering materials. These animals then act as food sources for larger animals.
Mangrove forests are also a spawning area or nursery for shrimp, fish, crabs, shellfish, and so on. This will make the coastal ecosystem more complete with a variety of biota because they will return to the coast as adults.
Mangrove forests are also areas for shelter, nesting, and breeding for birds and other animals, as a source of germplasm and genetics.
In short, the grove forest is a natural habitat for various types of other land and marine biota.

Economic Function

Communities around mangrove forests can benefit directly because mangroves produce wood. They can use it for firewood, charcoal, and wood for building materials and household furniture.
In fact, mangroves can produce industrial raw materials, such as pulp, paper, textiles, food, medicines, alcohol, tanners, cosmetics, and dyes.
It is undeniable that the existence of mangroves will become a producer of fish seeds, shrimp, shellfish, crabs, and honey bird eggs.

Tourism and educational function

Another function of mangrove forests is as a natural coastal tourist area with beautiful animal vegetation, as well as boating around mangroves, as a place for education, conservation, and research.

Seeing the importance of the function of mangroves, it is the obligation of all parties to participate in conserving mangrove forests for the sake of nature preservation and the survival of all creatures, including all of us.
That's what I wrote this time, I hope it's useful
Best regard from Indonesia.

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