Doing less can be bad for you - but don't worry, it has some benefits
A well-known myth is: a dedicated worker finally retires and then goes berserk in anticipation of spending lazy days.
For those people whose purpose of survival is to cover up their professional identity, life without work is just a pale version of life.
Assigned work helps make a week meaningful and builds structure, future leisure time may seem strange and unhealthy and may even involve engaging in antisocial activities such as crime and drug abuse.
Andrew Young, currently the Democratic presidential candidate in the United States and founder of Venture for America, a non-profit organization that creates jobs in the United States, said:
"We're lazy; we don't want to volunteer even if we have a lot of time. And over time we start playing a lot of video games and drinking a lot of alcohol. Society is generally not kind to unemployed people," he said.
But if people become socialist, then? This requires a push. But can people become more creative, march, or get involved in their community or politics?
Being busy and 'working' is not the same thing
Working for money is not the only way to lead an active life.
For example, the Japanese concept of ikigai encourages people to concentrate on activities that will help them wake up in the morning in order to find happiness in life.
A 2010 survey of Japanese women and men found that less than a third of them adhere to their Ikigai.
This Ikigai refers to a person's hobbies, relationships and some activities for which the remuneration does not match but makes their leisure meaningful.
Leisure time is not always lazy time
At present, women tend to work overtime in the long run, but their work is not valued as well as in paid jobs.
Such as: taking care of children, taking care of elderly parents and fulfilling various responsibilities of family, social and community.
Reducing the burden of paid work requires ample time and energy for this unpaid job - which is very common now.
Unpaid care may already take time or energy - but companies and governments should not underestimate the value of such services, as they rely on these people to work without pay.
Longer weeks can be expensive
Those who have a long weekend - but the pay is the same - spend most of their extra time doing things from golf to serving the elderly.
Alexandra Hartnal, a marketing and communications consultant in London, has discovered that her comfort zone has taken a turn for the worse after moving to freelancing. So he decided not to work more than four days a week.
He spends an extra half day doing the work of his choice. He also works as a liaison for the Conservation Trust on environmental issues.
This part is connected with his personality: he likes to be active.
But Hartnal also acknowledges that his financial security has made his volunteer work possible.
It could create more inequality
Philip Reck, a labor historian at the Hebrew University of Jerusalem, says working four days a week can be a way to work stress-free.
Again, those who need work are also benefiting.
For those who are working in a precarious workplace with low pay or limited savings after retirement, doing hobbies outside may seem an unnecessary luxury.
“Leisure time” may be an illusion, as they tend to look for other ways to supplement their main income.
Since they are sincerely looking for another complementary source of income in addition to their basic income, Rick suggested, "We can all agree that working 26 hours a week instead of 40 hours is ideal, and the income earned at this time is sufficient."
"However, the expansion of part-time labor, mini-jobs or zero-hour contracts suggests that a consensus will be reached soon," he said.
For those who want to work just a few days a week, it is a matter of debate whether working during this time can ensure a standard of living for all.
Among these are issues like Universal Basic Income, minimum wage rate or reduction of working hours but not deductible.
It will not work to help others
One of the challenges is that it is not possible to increase communication within the community just by spending some time outside of work.
Melania Oppenheimer, guest president of Australian Studies at the University of Tokyo, said that "active people in the workplace are people between the ages of 35 and 40" in Australia - in other words, the busiest people - who volunteer the most.
This is partly because "volunteering" is so much more than many people think: working as a referee for a football match for children, attending school fairs, helping new immigrants settle, contributing to civic science projects, planning religious festivals ...
In Oppenheimer's view, time is not the main obstacle to this type of work - but it is important to support and give potential volunteers a chance.
But not all bad ...
There is no long-term survey of what people will actually do in their spare time after working five days a week.
Yet for a long time people have been requesting to work less time per week so that they get more leisure. So that they can devote time behind their health, productivity, family time and political participation.
In 1954, German politicians expressed frustration over working five days a week instead of six.
Rick's idea is that current employers are more caring than a century ago, but they are wary of potential productivity gains.
Other ways to measure wealth
In the long run, will doing less of this work change the way we define ourselves or interact with others?
Hartnal, a communications consultant, said: "I think your identity is associated with work. And he does not want to spend so little time on paid work.
This question can be scary. Because from this question can come different answers besides just talking about the current job.
As well as on a larger scale, the transformation of work gives people a better chance of becoming more imaginative.
Sarath Dawala is a sociologist in Hyderabad, India, and vice-chairman of the Better Income Earth Network, a charity that encourages people to talk about basic income.
He said that productivity of work alone is not enough in the world. There is a need for a bigger success index.
Such as Bhutan's Gross National Happiness Survey, which measures the country's overall happiness rate, or New Zealand's wellness budget, which emphasizes the well-being of citizens rather than capitalist gains.
With primary income in Indian tribal villages
Dawala's work suggests an "effect of solidarity", with neighbors lending money to each other so they don't have to rely on skyrocketing interest-bearing loans.
That is why they collect money / resources for special occasions like weddings.
Dawala believes that the way society organizes time may change with the artificial difference between work and leisure, or paid work and community worprint
"The future is predictably uncertain," Dawala noted. This is the right time to think about whether you want to spend more time in the office in the future or if you want to spend time with rabbits.