The first day of the new year — Visit Temple of Literature — Hanoi

avatar

The first day of the new year is a brand new start, and in many cultures, it’s important to start it off on the right foot, that’s why many Vietnamese people in the capital city choose to visit the Temple of Literature to be their first destination.

ter.png

Situated right in the heart of the city, the complex is not only a famous historical place but it has witnessed great changes of the city.

People often refer to this place as “Văn miếu - Quốc tử giám” — “Temple of Literature - Imperial Academy”, however, they are in fact two different landmarks.

Before entering the temple, you could see 下馬 Hạ Mã stele on bothsidese of the main gate. “Hạ Mã” can be literally translated as getting off the horses, this is the place that people get off their horses before entering the palace to pay respect to superiors or people of high royalty. However, you would see many students come here and pray for success or luck before a big exam such as the national exam for high school students, the reasons are probably because the name in Chinese characters and its architecture makes everyone think it is a shrine.

IMG_6599.JPG

Van mieu — Temple of Literature.

The temple was built in 1070 under the reign of Ly Thanh Tong, it was a dedication to Confucius, sages and scholars, Confucius was a Chinese philosopher and teacher who was considered the father of Confucianism — an ideology that affected many countries in East Asia during feudalism.

Many people assume that there is only Van Mieu in Hanoi, but there are many other Van Mieu along the country.

Quoc Tu Giam — Imperial Academy.

Quoc Tu Giam - also known as “the first university of Vietnam” was built in 1076 by the emperor Ly Nhan Tong, it was a campus that was only available for the royals, scholars, nobles and the elites at the time, however, later it also accepted the common ones.

Quoc Tu Giam only lost its dominance when the Nguyen’s monarch settled the capital in Hue and built another Quoc Tu Giam there.

After going through great destruction of time and wars, most of the existing structures were built and renovated from the Nguyen dynasty.

Architecture.

Van Mieu gate.

IMG_0966.JPG

The first part of the complex is Van Mieu gate which has “Tam Quan” architecture. “Tam Quan” means “three-entrance gate”, which is commonly seen in many temples and pagodas in Vietnam. In the past, the main gate was designated for the king, the left gate was for civil officers and the right one was for military officers.

Dai Trung gate.

640720510_095a7267d3_b.jpg
source

As we passed Van Mieu gate, we entered a garden that leads to the first courtyard with another gate called Dai Trung which is a combination of “Dai hoc” and “Trung dung”. They are two books that belong to four books and five classics which are believed to be handed down by Confucius and his followers.

Khue Van Cac - Khue Van Pavilion.

IMG20210101104058.jpg

Though Khue Van Cac was built later in 1805, it remained one of the unique landmarks in the whole complex. In 2012, the Khue Van pavilion was chosen to be the symbol of Hanoi. This symbol also appears on the 100,000 Vietnamese dong bill.

100.jpg

Khue Van Cac was named after a star - Khue. “Khue” is considered the symbol of literature. It was the place where scholars and students discussed their work.

It is a two-story pavilion with eight tiled roofs. On each side of the top, there is a round window that symbolized the shining star.

Our group also had a challenge for everyone to resemble and take a photo with the same angle it is printed on the bill. And this was the best shot I got, LOL.

nguyên.jpg

Doctorate stelae.

If Khue Van pavilion is popular thanks to media. The doctorate stelae in the third courtyard after entering the Khue Van pavilion play an important role in learning about Vietnamese history through the remaining collection of stone stelae. These stelae were made to honor the best student, the first one was constructed under the reign of Le Thanh Tong.

IMG_3743.jpg

Each stone stele stands on a stone turtle with a different structure, we hardly found two of them that looked similar. The remainder of these stelae has not only helped us learn about the sculpture and language in different dynasties but filled the missing pieces throughout our history.

IMG_7863 (1).jpg

The rest of the complex are the halls that worshiped Confucius, his disciples and Chu Van An who was a respected Confucian.

IMG_6691.JPG

A group of high school students had a graduation ceremony

IMG_6701.JPG

The last area of the complex is quite interesting, they have an exhibition that shows the handwriting of some scholars and some interactive activities such as writing with the brush like the old time.

IMG_6653.JPG

IMG_6652.JPG

IMG_6648.JPG

IMG_7858.jpg

The calligraphists will write wishes in Chinese characters upon request, these could be wishes for the new year or poems.


This was one destination in our visit last year to Hanoi. Check The old quarter if you want to learn more about our capital city — Hanoi.

That’s it for now! See ya!



0
0
0.000
19 comments
avatar

Congratulations, your post has been added to Pinmapple! 🎉🥳🍍

Did you know you have your own profile map?
And every post has their own map too!

Want to have your post on the map too?

  • Go to Pinmapple
  • Click the get code button
  • Click on the map where your post should be (zoom in if needed)
  • Copy and paste the generated code in your post (Hive only)
  • Congrats, your post is now on the map!

0
0
0.000
avatar

Haha e cũng có chụp ảnh kỷ yếu ở Văn Miếu này
Đọc bài chị biết thêm kiến thức lịch sử 😂chị mới ra HN ạ?

0
0
0.000
avatar

chị đi năm ngoái, ngay ngày 1/1 thấy mấy bạn cũng chụp hình hoành tráng lắm. 😂

0
0
0.000
avatar

That the name comes from descending riders is very interesting and also that the students see it as an important place! Great post:)

0
0
0.000
avatar

Thanks for reading!
Actually, we were not supposed to pray at that place, because it's just the place where riders get off their horses, I guess everyone mistook it with a shrine.

0
0
0.000
avatar

Congratulations @sunnyvo! You have completed the following achievement on the Hive blockchain and have been rewarded with new badge(s):

You got more than 700 replies.
Your next target is to reach 800 replies.

You can view your badges on your board and compare yourself to others in the Ranking
If you no longer want to receive notifications, reply to this comment with the word STOP

Check out the last post from @hivebuzz:

Hive Power Up Month - Feedback from day 3
Happy New Year - Feedback from the first Hive Power Up Day of 2022
Support the HiveBuzz project. Vote for our proposal!
0
0
0.000
avatar

ngôi trường này thì không còn xa lạ gì với chúng ta nữa rồi. cả danh tiếng của trường và sĩ tử học ở đó. nhưng mà chị vẫn chưa lần nào tìm hiểu kĩ về nó. cảm ơn bài đăng của em đã đem chị đến với từng ngõ ngách của ngôi trường để thấy nó tuyệt vời như thế nào nè

0
0
0.000
avatar

Đó giờ em cũng ko biết rõ, nhưng mà năm ngoái có dịp đi tham quan học tập với cả nhóm và có dân nghiên cứu đi chung nên cũng biết thêm một xíu 😂.

0
0
0.000
avatar

Hiya, @LivingUKTaiwan here, just swinging by to let you know that this post made it into our Honorable Mentions in Daily Travel Digest #1434.

Your post has been manually curated by the @pinmapple team. If you like what we're doing, please drop by to check out all the rest of today's great posts and consider supporting other authors like yourself and us so we can keep the project going!

Become part of our travel community:

0
0
0.000
avatar

Ngày xưa ở Hà nội mà chị ít đi thăm lắm. Có mỗi một lần đi với bạn và một lần đi chụp áo dài, còn chưa đọc hết cả lịch sử rồi địa danh nữa. Hnay đọc được post của cô mới hiểu rõ hơn

0
0
0.000
avatar

mấy cái này phải có guide mới được chị ơi, thường thấy đi theo đoàn thì có tourguide của đoàn đó thôi. Nhóm em tự đi nhưng may có người biết nhiều nên cả đám mới được dịp biết thêm 😂

0
0
0.000
avatar

à ra vậy, lần tới về việt nam c sẽ đky đi theo đoàn để được nghe thêm

0
0
0.000
avatar

E đi Văn miếu được 3 lần rồi. Năm nay định làm chuyến nữa thì dịch nên hết đi c ạ 😆

0
0
0.000
avatar

uh, bây giờ HN số ca đang tăng quá, mà chích vacxin hết rồi nên hi vọng sẽ sớm qua đỉnh. 🙂

0
0
0.000
avatar

em vẫn muốn được ghé hà nội một lần để được đi nơi này . chị thích ghê á

0
0
0.000
avatar

năm nay đi đi em, tháng 9 đẹp nè, tranh thủ đi Hà Giang luôn, còn ko thì cuối năm để tận hưởng cái lạnh 😂

0
0
0.000